Clinical Research Glossary

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Institutional Review Board (IRB)


A team of people who review studies to protect the rights and welfare of study participants.

Example of Institutional Review Board (IRB) in a sentence

Participants can only enroll in a study after an IRB reviews and approves the study protocol.

More Info

An IRB must approve a research study before it starts.

The IRB members are not part of the study team. IRB members come from many different backgrounds and can be medical, scientific or non-scientific experts.

Other info to think about when joining a study

You may see the term “institutional review board” in the consent form in a section about which group approved the study.

You may also hear members of the study team talk about the IRB and getting the IRB’s approval before any study activities can take place.

The contact information of the IRB that is overseeing a study should be included in the consent form. You can reach out to the study’s IRB if you have any concerns or complaints about your experience being in a research study.

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